Biotech in the Household

Biotech has changed considerably from the historical uses in agriculture and food science, mainly due to molecular techniques. However, gene technology applied to traditional processes, like winemaking, allows more control over the outcome.

  • Explore the Diversity
  • Agricultural Biotechnology
  • Enzyme Products in Everyday Life
  • Food Biotechnology


Types of RNA
Lots of new research is being done using miRNA and siRNA, as small molecule treatments for various diseases. As a result, these small RNA pieces have become very popular topics in biotech, but for those of you who aren’t all that familiar with the nucleic acids, there are three major types of RNA within cells. The micro/si RNAs come from one of them, called messenger RNA (mRNA). Here’s the lowdown on the three types of larger RNA particles:

mRNA – are the direct product of transcription from DNA. Resulting mRNA sequences contain the codes, and are the template, for production of proteins in our cells.
rRNA – Ribosomal RNA come in various sizes that, combined, form complexes that promote translation of mRNA sequences to make proteins.

tRNA – Transfer RNA are small hairpin-shaped particles that carry around an amino acid at one end and have the anti-codon to an mRNA codon, at the other end. Individual tRNA bind to mRNA one at a time along the strand and, with the help of rRNA, ‘transfer’ their amino acid to the growing peptide chain.

For more information, please visit:

Recent News

Viral and Host Genetic Factors Regulating HIV-Associated CNS Disease (R01)

Executive Summary Purpose. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) solicit research grant applications to support studies focused on viral and host genetic factors , involved in HIV-1 Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND) in the setting of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). Recent clinical studies indicate that over 50% of HIV-infected patients manifest HAND despite receiving… more

What is genomics and post genomics?

Genomics encompasses everything from sequencing genomes, ascribing functions to genes, and studying the structure of genes (gene architecture). Post-genomics takes these techniques further,  studying patterns in how genes are transcribed into messenger RNA, the chemical that carries the instructions for forming proteins (transcriptomics), in the way genes are expressed as proteins (proteomics), and in how they influence the chemicals that control our cellular biochemistry and… more