Overview of Genetics

Genetic research reveals to researchers everything about DNA, Gene’s, Chromosomes, Protein’s, hereditary diseases and more. Understanding the inner workings, mechanisms and diseases in all living beings are possible through research and genetic advancements.
What is DNA?
DNA is actually a molecule which encodes genetic instruction that is necessary in the functioning and developing of living organisms and viruses. DNA, Proteins and RNA are macromolecules that are essential in all life forms. A DNA molecule consists of two polymers and stores biological information. Within a cell the DNA has structures which are chromosomes and cell division cause chromosomes to duplicate during a DNA replication and each cell will then have its own set of chromosomes.
What is Chromosomes?
Chromosomes are the organized building of protein and DNA found in a cell. Coiled DNA that contains a lot of genes, nucleotide sequences and regulatory elements in a single piece is another description that may be used. DNA-bound protein’s controlling the functions and pack the DNA are also inside a chromosome. A Chromosome can vary between different organisms. A DNA molecule can be linear or circular and composed of 10,000 up to 1,000,000,000 nucleotides in a chain.
What is a Gene?
Genes are distinct portions of cell’s DNA. They are the coded instructions to produce things a body need such as proteins. Genetic research discovered the abilities and capabilities of different genes as well as distinguished that some genes are associated with specific diseases for example, Huntington’s disease and cystic fibrosis.
What is a Protein?
Proteins are the chemical building of amino acids in a chain and the amount of amino acids inside protein can vary from only a handful, to thousands. Proteins are as most people know very important in the growing ability, energy production and digestion inside a body.

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What is genomics and post genomics?

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